Surrogacy has become an increasingly common method of family formation, with thousands of children born yearly. While Great Beginnings Surrogacy services can be a fulfilling and life-changing experience for intended parents, surrogates, and the children they create, it also raises complex social and legal questions.
What is Surrogacy?
In surrogacy, a woman undergoes assisted reproduction by carrying a pregnancy and giving birth to a child for someone else or a couple who will take care of the child. Surrogacy can be either traditional or gestational. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother’s egg is fertilized with sperm from the intended father or a sperm donor, making the surrogate genetically related to the child. In gestational surrogacy, the intended parents’ egg and sperm are fertilized in a laboratory, and the resulting embryo is transferred to the surrogate’s uterus.
The social implications of Surrogacy
Surrogacy raises various social and ethical issues. For intended parents, surrogacy can be a way to fulfill their dreams of having a child. Surrogacy also allows surrogates to help others while providing financial support for themselves and their families. However, surrogacy can raise some concerns:
The Exploitation of Surrogates.
Critics of surrogacy argue that it puts vulnerable women in a position where they may be exploited and treated as a baby-making machines. They argue that surrogates may be coerced into carrying a pregnancy and that the financial compensation they receive may not be enough to compensate for surrogacy’s physical, emotional, and psychological toll.
The Commodification of the Body.
Critics argue that surrogacy reduces the woman’s body to a mere vessel for carrying a child and turns reproduction into a marketable commodity. They argue that this commodification can harm women’s autonomy and dignity.
The legal implications of Surrogacy
Surrogacy also raises complex legal questions. The legal status of surrogacy varies between countries, with some banning surrogacy completely while others regulate it or allow it only in certain circumstances. Some of the legal issues include:
The question of Parentage.
In some countries, the surrogate mother is recognized as the child’s legal mother, even if she is not genetically related. In other jurisdictions, the intended parents are recognized as the child’s legal parents from birth. This can create legal uncertainty and can lead to disputes over the child’s custody and support.
The regulation of Surrogacy contracts.
Surrogacy agreements are prohibited or unenforceable in certain countries, like France and Germany, whereas they are regulated and enforceable in other countries, such as Mexico. Surrogacy contracts address compensation, medical care, and parental rights.
In recent years, it has become more common for parents to travel to other countries to enter into surrogacy agreements. However, these arrangements can create complex legal issues related to citizenship, parentage, and immigration.
The parents may face challenges in obtaining citizenship for their child born through surrogacy in their home country. This can create legal limbo for the child and challenges for the intended parents in terms of accessing healthcare, education, and other services for their child.
Addressing these implications can lead to a future where surrogacy is a safe, ethical, and accessible choice for individuals seeking parenthood. Talk to your specialist at Great Beginnings Surrogacy @ Gen 5 to learn more about surrogacy.