Allergy Testing is a significant diagnostic protocol to determine an immune response to a known substance. There are various allergy testing types, with typical exams involving a blood or skin test. Certified specialists perform comprehensive allergy testing Bridgewater to develop an appropriate management approach to resolve complications.
Your immune system protects your organs from potential harm. However, you may have an overactive immune system that defends the body from harmless substances like pollen. An allergy is an immune reaction to a trigger, usually something in your environment. This immune overreaction usually causes complications like a runny nose, blocked sinuses, watery eyes, coughing, or sneezing.
Types of allergens
Allergens are substances in your environment that trigger an immune attack to defend your organs from potential damage. The three primary types of allergens that patients present with include:
- Inhaled allergens: Pollen and dust are the most commonly inhaled allergens. These substances cause an immune response upon contact with respiratory structures like the lungs or throat.
- Ingested allergens: You may have an allergic reaction after eating certain foods like peanuts, eggs, milk, soy, or seafood.
- Contact allergens: You may experience an allergic reaction after skin contact with an allergen. These allergic reactions usually lead to skin complications like rash or itching. Poison ivy is an example of a contact allergen.
What is an allergy test?
Your doctor will perform allergy testing to recognize the allergen causing your symptoms. Allergy tests expose you to various allergens and compare reaction results with your symptoms.
Why do doctors conduct allergy testing?
Some of the most common health complications affecting patients are allergies. Failure to receive appropriate and emergency interventions for allergic reactions can lead to adversities and death. Allergy testing is part of proper allergy care. Your doctor will conduct allergy testing to recognize the substance causing your concerns and develop an appropriate treatment to eliminate your symptoms and restore your well-being. You may need medications to manage your allergy. However, avoiding the allergen causing your overactive immune response would be the best way to prevent future complications.
How to prepare for allergy testing
Your doctor may recommend various preparation guidelines to increase the efficacy of your allergy testing. You must provide necessary information regarding your lifestyle and family history to help your doctor determine predispositions to allergic reactions. Your doctor may recommend stopping certain medications before your allergy testing to guarantee accurate results.
What are the main types of allergy tests?
Your doctor will individualize your allergy testing depending on your symptoms. Allergy testing typically involves:
- Skin tests: Skin exams can effectively recognize airborne, food-related, and contact allergens. Your doctor may implement different skin tests to confirm your immune reaction to various substances. The three main skin tests involved in allergy testing include scratch, patch, and intradermal.
- Blood tests: Your doctor may perform a blood test to prevent severe allergic reactions to skin tests. A blood test reveals specific antibodies against allergens.
Contact Respacare if your loved one gets an allergic reaction to begin appropriate protocols to restore organ function and enhance their well-being.