The joint at the base of your big toe may develop a bony lump called a carmel bunion. It develops when the bones of the forefoot shift position abnormally. The joint at the bottom of your big toe will protrude because it will be pulled toward your other toes. The area around the bunion may be red and sore.
Tight, narrow shoes can aggravate or bring on bunions. The structure of your foot, a foot deformity, or a medical condition like arthritis can all contribute to the onset of bunions.
The joint of your little toe is prone to developing smaller bunions known as “bunionettes.”
Bunions manifest themselves in a variety of ways, including:
- A prominent lump at the outside corner of your big toe’s joint.
- Big toe joint inflammation, redness, or pain
- The area between the first and second toes is common for corns and calluses to form due to friction.
- Constant or intermittent pain.
Reasons to Visit the Doctor
Many people with bunions do not need medical attention, but if you have got any of the following, it is time to see a doctor (preferably a podiatrist or orthopedic foot expert).
- Chronic discomfort in the big toe or foot
- Decreased range of motion in the big toe or foot
- Distinct bump on the joint of the big toe
- Bunion makes it hard to find shoes that are a good fit.
The precise cause of bunions remains unknown despite numerous hypotheses. The reasons could be:
- Natural foot shape
- Painful or painful feet
- Congenital abnormalities
- Whether bunions are caused by wearing shoes that are too small, too high-heeled, or too tight is a topic of debate amongst experts.
Some forms of arthritis, especially inflammatory forms like rheumatoid arthritis, may be linked to bunions.
You may be more likely to get bunions if you:
- Extremely high heels. When you wear high heels, your toes are pushed forward into the shoes, where they might get cramped.
- The shoe size is incorrect. Bunions are more common in those who wear shoes that are either excessively small in width or too sharp at the point.
- Arthritis rheumatica. If you suffer from this inflammatory illness, you may be at a higher risk of developing bunions.
- Heredity. You may inherit a predisposition to develop bunions if your foot has a certain structure or architecture.
Bunions can cause a host of secondary issues.
- Bursitis. When the little fluid-filled pads cushion the bones close to your joints become inflamed, you experience this painful ailment.
- Hammertoe. Pain and pressure may be experienced if the middle joint of a toe, typically the toe nearest to the big toe, becomes abnormally bent.
- Metatarsalgia. The ball of your foot will hurt and swell up due to this ailment.