When it comes to choosing the best treatment for assisted reproduction, couples often find themselves at a crossroads. Infertility treatments exist in a wide variety of forms. Infertility treatment choices continue to be poorly understood by the general public. Fertility specialists frequently advise patients to try in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) at san diego fertility clinic. It is crucial that you understand the distinction between these two methods so that you can make an informed decision.
What are IVF and IUI?
In IVF, or in vitro fertilization, a woman’s eggs are removed from her ovaries using a needle and then fertilized by a sperm in a petri dish. After a period of observation, the embryo is implanted into the uterus.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a form of artificial insemination in which the woman’s uterus is penetrated without first retrieving her eggs. Instead, the male partner’s sperm is collected, cleaned, and introduced to the female partner’s uterus. The sperm will go to the fallopian tubes in the traditional manner via the cervix.
Is IVF or IUI the Better Option?
It is generally agreed that IVF has a higher success rate than IUI. IVF treatment is more popular because it increases the likelihood of pregnancy significantly.
- Using eggs in one method but not the other is a significant distinction. With the IUI method, fertilization can occur with as little as one or two eggs from the woman. However, women must generate several mature eggs for the IVF process. Medication that stimulates egg development and ovulation is used for this purpose. There is still a chance that none of the 10–15 viable eggs retrieved will result in a pregnancy, and in rare situations, there may be numerous pregnancies. Both procedures necessitate the use of fertility medicines to get optimal results. There may be some temporary negative effects from these hormone medicines.
- Since IUI is a non-invasive and less costly treatment option, it requires fewer procedural steps. If your lab values are okay, your doctor will likely suggest trying IUI cycles first. Doctors typically recommend IUI as a backup plan if in vitro fertilization (IVF) fails.
- Women who experience irregular or no ovulation cycles may benefit from IUI. In men with mild sperm quality issues, it can improve the odds of fertilization. Although IVF is most often sought by couples dealing with unexplained infertility, it is also helpful for women with blocked fallopian tubes and conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, premature ovarian failure, etc., which hinder a natural conception.
- Single embryo transfer during IVF helps prevent unwanted multiples. The remaining embryos can be frozen for future use. Premature birth is not a concern with IUI, but it is with IVF, which also increases the risk of a baby being born with a low birth weight.