Alagille syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects both males and females equally. Its incidence is 1 in 30,000 to 45,000 people in the general population. Due to the similarity of its symptoms to other disorders, some people may go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed with Alagille syndrome. Fortunately, this condition stabilizes by the age of five. Despite its rare occurrence, some symptoms may be common to both sexes. Patients should discuss the condition with the doctor to ensure that it is the correct Alagille syndrome treatment for their needs.
An X-ray of the spinal cord may be helpful in detecting butterfly vertebrae, a skeletal defect associated with Alagille syndrome. The vertebrae have an abnormal clotting structure, which gives them the appearance of a butterfly on an X-ray. Though this condition does not cause any symptoms, it can help doctors diagnose the disorder. For instance, in March 2021, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) approved the use of Bylvay (odevixibat), an Alagille syndrome treatment medication, for patients suffering from genetic disorders in Germany.
As per market survey by Coherent Market Insights, Alagille syndrome treatment market is estimated to be valued at US$ 69.6 million in 2020 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 45.2% during the forecast period (2020-2027).
Alagille syndrome is usually associated with liver disease. The severity of liver disease can vary from case to case. The most common reason for a child to undergo an evaluation is when they exhibit jaundice. Alagille syndrome treatment includes physical examinations and blood tests that will determine whether the liver is enlarged or not. The doctor will also determine whether or not there is a problem with the bile ducts and the eyes. Once the condition is confirmed, the physician may prescribe a steroid that helps improve the flow of bile from the liver to the small intestine.
Although the disease is uncommon and has no cure, it can lead to life-threatening complications. The first step in treating Alagille syndrome is seeking medical advice to determine a diagnosis and treatment options. In many cases, a physician will recommend a course of Alagille syndrome treatment based on the severity of the condition. Alagille syndrome can be diagnosed by abnormalities in the liver and the eyes. A pulmonary artery enlargement can result in an artery narrowing.